How solar panels work

01/17/2019

As a company we decided to start this informative blog in hopes that solar enthusiasts will give it a read every week. We want to begin with the basics of solar power and how everything works. Our goal is to educate and inform people about the solar community, the benefits of clean energy, and everything renewable related. This blog dives into a variety of topics, but overall we want them to be fairly quick reads, and as simple to understand as possible.

Solar panels have been around since 1883 when a man named Charles Fritts invented them. He then placed them on a New York rooftop in 1884. It's safe to say Solar panels have been around a long time. They have also come along way with their technology since then. Every year manufacturers figure out a way to stuff more watts into a panel while also making it smaller, sleeker, and more efficient. So how do panels on my roof equate to electricity in my house?

Solar panels harness the suns heat (energy) and turns into dc electricity. This type of electricity is used to charge your common batteries (cell phone, car, laptop, etc.) but with your phone you may notice whats called an adapter connected to each one of your chargers. These adapters convert ac electricity (like your home) to low voltage dc electricity. In order to change your dc electricity into ac you must connect your solar panels to an inverter. An inverter can typically be the second most expensive piece of equipment for an install (behind the panels) due to its advanced features. Inverters change your type of electricity from non usable to usable inside your home. After the inverter changes the electricity type you then need to connect it to your normal service panel. When it is connected to your main service panel it will then back feed into your circuits that you are using. What if you produce more then you use? That's when net-metering comes into affect and that will be our topic next week because it deserves it's own article.